Turtles are endangered reptiles that can live up to 100 years. There are 7 different types of turtles varying in size up to 2 meters long.
Turtles migrate to find food and have been known to travel up to 20 000 km. They hold their breath for up to 40 minutes when awake and 3 hours when asleep.
Green Turtles are a typical turtle. They grow up to 1.5m and weigh up to 200kg. Green turtles are found worldwide.
Reaching up to 2m in length and with up to 2.7m flippers, Leatherbacks are the world’s largest turtle. As well as being the largest, leatherbacks dive the deepest and migrate the furthest. They have been known to dive deeper than 1000m. Leatherbacks are easily distinguished with large spines running down their backs. They also have a leathery skin instead of a shell. They are found worldwide offshore.
Loggerheads have a yellow to brown shell, a large head and are around 90 cm long. Loggerheads are found in all oceans.
Flatbacks are 80cm long with a green shell and a yellow underbody. These turtles are only found in Australia.
Hawksbills are around 40cm long and can be found in the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. They eat sponges around reefs and have a dotted brown shell..
Olive Ridley Turtle
These turtles are greenish white and 60cm long. They are found worldwide.
Kemp’s Ridley Turtles
Turtles lay their eggs on land. They haul themselves onto the beach using their flippers and then dig a hole. They lay 50—350 eggs and cover them again. The sun incubates the eggs for 60-90 days before the eggs hatch and the turtles make their way to the water. The sex of the turtle depends on the heat of the egg during incubation. Only about 1% of turtles survive to adulthood. Although baby turtles have many predators including seabirds, crabs and foxes, adult turtles don’t have many predators except for sharks and humans.
They are endangered mainly because humans kills them for their meat and eggs. They can also get caught in fishing nets and drown.
Turtles are omnivores and eat sea grass, algae and small marine animals like jellyfish and crabs. They live in pelagic waters until they are adults when they move closer to shore.
Turtles live in offshore and shallow waters and eat a wide range of sea creatures and plants. They are very fast in water and slow on land. Turtles are amazing creatures.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_turtle sighted on 20/12/2017
https://defenders.org/sea-turtles/basic-facts sighted on 20/12/2017This entry was posted in Kai's blog, Kids blogs, The Sail.